South-eastern monument

License: 
Creative Commons Licence

Brief description: 

Currently, the research projects carried out in the city deal with the polyfunctionality of spaces and their value in urban transit circuits. This is the background of the project that, since 2012, is developed in the southeast corner of the forum, which frames the study presented here (Brassous et al., 2017). The project, "The monumental set of Baelo Claudia, the evolution and transformations of a public space. Diachronic and multiscale analysis of the southeast sector" was initially headed by B. Goffaux and, after his death, by L. Brassous. The area chosen for its development was the southern corner of the city, in the area of the forum. The objectives of the investigation were, first, to provide a diachronic and complete vision of the city, with special attention to Late Antiquity. Secondly, it was necessary to characterize the architectural design of this space during the Early Empire, taking into account its location of transition between the political-administrative center and the commercial and productive spaces (Brassous et al., 2017).

The excavations have documented an important monumental complex with several phases of occupation (Fig. 3; Suppl. Fig. 1). Chiefly, a large building is built in the first century AD with rooms arranged around a peristyle-style courtyard with an access from the side street (cardo IV). This building in literature is the so-called “Grande Domus”. Subsequently, the southern half of the courtyard was split to build a second monumental building, the main object of this study. This building provides an access from the Decumanus Maximus that communicates, at right angles, with an atrium. The latter opens into a single main room along an east-west axis, whose walls contained opened niches in which to place a set of sculptures. This space is outstanding by having been paved with colored marbles, contrary to the rest of the building (Brassous et al., 2017).

Researchers: 
  • Mario Gutiérrez-Rodríguez (Soil micromorphology and geochemistry)
  • Paul Goldberg (Soil micromorphology and geochemistry)
  • Francisco Martín Peinado (Soil micromorphology and geochemistry)
  • Oliva Rodríguez Gutiérrez (Classical Archaeology)
  • Laurent Brassous (Classical Archaeology)
Bibliography: 
  1. Brassous, L., Deru, X., Rodríguez Gutiérrez, O., Dananai, A., Dienst, S., Doyen, J.-M., Florent, G., Gomes, M., Lemaître, S., Louvion, C., Oueslati, T., & Renard, S. (2017). Baelo Claudia dans l’Antiquité tardive: l’occupation du secteur sud-est du forum entre les IIIe et VI s. (L. Brassous & S. Lemaître, Eds.) Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez, 47 (1). La ville antique de Baelo cent ans après Pierre Paris, 167–200.

  2. Gutiérrez‐Rodríguez, M., Brassous, L., Gutiérrez, O.R., Peinado, F.J.M., Orfila, M., Goldberg, P., 2020. Site formation processes and urban transformations during Late Antiquity from a high-resolution geoarchaeological perspective: Baelo Claudia, Spain. Geoarchaeology 35, 258–286. https://doi.org/10.1002/gea.21769